“The seeds of totalitarian regimes are nurtured by misery and want.”
March 3, 1947
The Korean war was finally resolved in July 1953, when all sides decided to sign an armistice* to end the bloody conflict. The armistice was signed July 27th. It established a committee of representatives from neutral countries to decide the fate of the thousands of prisoners of war from both sides. Finally they decided that POWs could decide themselves whether to stay or go back to their own country. A new border between North and South Korea was also drawn.
The Korean war was very controversial, mostly how the United States contributed. Many Americans say that we did not do enough and that the 50,000 soldiers lost were lost for no reason. In the U.S. presidential election of 1952, Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected and began his mission of “go to Korea”. Eisenhower hinted at the use of the United States’ nuclear arsenal in stopping the war. Now looking back, most recognize that the action of using our nuclear weapons against China or Korea could have started WWIII.
*Ar·mi·stice: an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.
Not much longer after the ANZUS Treaty was the San Francisco Treaty. It was created by the US and signed by the Japanese on September 8, 1951.
The Treaty was created to make peace between these two countries that have been fighting for quite sometime now. It started with the Japanese attacking the US at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941. The US was VERY angry about this. So angry in fact that they wanted revenge. The US came back with full force and attacked Hiroshima August 6, 1945. Apparently that wasn’t even enough, three days later on August 9, 1945 we bombed Nagasaki because they wouldn’t surrender the war.
Japan then surrendered on September 2, 1945. Six years later the US was done playing games and didn’t want japan to try any attacks again. therefore they created the San Francisco Treaty.
The US president, Harry S. Truman, dispatched US land, air, and sea forces to South Korea in support, hoping to drive the North Koreans back to their side of the 38th Parallel. As the US and South Korea pushed the North’s army back, communist Chinese forces intervened in late 1950.
By the middle of 1951, most major fights had ended. Both sides of Korea, both backed by large countries,were pushing from either side of the 38th parallel. The front lines stabilized, while negotiations began to be made. But this still wasn’t the end.
“The Korean War, 1950–1953 – 1945–1952 – Milestones – Office of the Historian.” The Korean War, 1950–1953 – 1945–1952 – Milestones – Office of the Historian. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2014.
“The Australia, New Zealand and United States Security Treaty (ANZUS Treaty), 1951 – 1945–1952 – Milestones – Office of the Historian.” The Australia, New Zealand and United States Security Treaty (ANZUS Treaty), 1951 – 1945–1952 – Milestones – Office of the Historian. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2014.
“The San Francisco Peace Treaty and Frontier Problems in the Regional Order in East Asia: A Sixty Year Perspective サンフランシスコ平和条約と東アジアの地域秩序における境界問題−−６０年を経て :: JapanFocus.” The San Francisco Peace Treaty and Frontier Problems in the Regional Order in East Asia: A Sixty Year Perspective サンフランシスコ平和条約と東アジアの地域秩序における境界問題−−６０年を経て :: JapanFocus. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2014.
“The ANZUS Treaty and SEATO Alliance.” , Australia’s Responses to the Threat of Communism. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2014.
“Korean War.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 May 2014. Web. 26 May 2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War
“Korean War Begins.” History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 26 May 2014. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/korean-war-begins
Shmoop Editorial Team. “The Korean War Summary & Analysis.” Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 02 June 2014.
“Armistice Ends the Korean War.” History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 01 June 2014.
The 38th Parallel, the line dividing North and South Korea, was crossed on June 25th, 1950, officially starting the Korean War. DPRK (The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), pushed into South Korean (then the Republic of Korea (ROK)) territory and by September had taken over almost all of their country. When the United States heard about the start of what would be a four year war, they called for a meeting the United Nations Security Council. At the time, the Soviet Union boycotting the UN over issues of Chinas lack of representation.
An animated GIF of the territory changing hands between North and South Korea over the years of 1950-1953.
The Korean War was the first “hot” war of the Cold War! Continued through the years of 1950-1953.