Not much longer after the ANZUS Treaty was the San Francisco Treaty. It was created by the US and signed by the Japanese on September 8, 1951.
Japan signing the San Francisco Treaty
The Treaty was created to make peace between these two countries that have been fighting for quite sometime now. It started with the Japanese attacking the US at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941. The US was VERY angry about this. So angry in fact that they wanted revenge. The US came back with full force and attacked Hiroshima August 6, 1945. Apparently that wasn’t even enough, three days later on August 9, 1945 we bombed Nagasaki because they wouldn’t surrender the war.
Japan then surrendered on September 2, 1945. Six years later the US was done playing games and didn’t want japan to try any attacks again. therefore they created the San Francisco Treaty.
The US president, Harry S. Truman, dispatched US land, air, and sea forces to South Korea in support, hoping to drive the North Koreans back to their side of the 38th Parallel. As the US and South Korea pushed the North’s army back, communist Chinese forces intervened in late 1950.
By the middle of 1951, most major fights had ended. Both sides of Korea, both backed by large countries,were pushing from either side of the 38th parallel. The front lines stabilized, while negotiations began to be made. But this still wasn’t the end.
“The Korean War, 1950–1953 – 1945–1952 – Milestones – Office of the Historian.” The Korean War, 1950–1953 – 1945–1952 – Milestones – Office of the Historian. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2014.
“The Australia, New Zealand and United States Security Treaty (ANZUS Treaty), 1951 – 1945–1952 – Milestones – Office of the Historian.” The Australia, New Zealand and United States Security Treaty (ANZUS Treaty), 1951 – 1945–1952 – Milestones – Office of the Historian. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2014.
“The San Francisco Peace Treaty and Frontier Problems in the Regional Order in East Asia: A Sixty Year Perspective サンフランシスコ平和条約と東アジアの地域秩序における境界問題−−６０年を経て :: JapanFocus.” The San Francisco Peace Treaty and Frontier Problems in the Regional Order in East Asia: A Sixty Year Perspective サンフランシスコ平和条約と東アジアの地域秩序における境界問題−−６０年を経て :: JapanFocus. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2014.
“The ANZUS Treaty and SEATO Alliance.” , Australia’s Responses to the Threat of Communism. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2014.
Australia and New Zealand were formally part of the British Empire. Unfortunately this made them an easy target for attack; along with the pacific side of the United States. Thus the Treaty between Australia, New Zealand, and United States was created and signed on September 1, 1951. This idea started to form when the US was attacked at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on December 7, 1941. Australia and New Zealand, being the close countries that they are, started talking about how they could easily be a next target if they weren’t careful.
Australia and New Zealand working to over come their fears
As years and years just floated by, Australia and New Zealand grew paranoid and their fear of being attacked increased greatly. Every tiny thing started to worry them. In my opinion 10 years seems a little long to be so paranoid about getting attacked. Fortunately it seemed to work, being that they never got attacked by others for the rest of the Cold War. The treaty specifically stated that each of these countries would help one another if it was necessary. In other words if Australia was attacked by Japan, then because of the treaty United States and New Zealand were obligated to help protect one another in those kind of situations. Making these countries very superior over many others, because their militaries combined were unstoppable.
The 38th Parallel, the line dividing North and South Korea, was crossed on June 25th, 1950, officially starting the Korean War. DPRK (The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), pushed into South Korean (then the Republic of Korea (ROK)) territory and by September had taken over almost all of their country. When the United States heard about the start of what would be a four year war, they called for a meeting the United Nations Security Council. At the time, the Soviet Union boycotting the UN over issues of Chinas lack of representation.
Ronald Reagan will be remembered for leading the United States during a time of tremendous international transition – the demise of the Soviet Union, the Berlin Wall coming down, and the end of the Cold War.